International problems Journal Archive


International problems Vol. 63 No. 3/2011

Content

THE NEW INSTITUTIONALISM AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: A STEP FORWARD
Roozbeh (Rudy) B. BAKER
International problems, 2011 63(3):343-358
Abstract ▼
The behavioral revolution of the 1960s which engulfed the social sciences, and particularly Political Science and Sociology, led to a large-scale disinterest in the study and structure of institutions. The 1980s saw a new movement emerge upon the social sciences, which stressed the centrality of institutional analysis in the study of politics and society and resurrected the study of institutions as key variables. Dubbed the New Institutionalism, this movement would have profound effects on the direction of research in Political Science and Sociology. Unfortunately, the New Institutionalist movement has been largely ignored by International Relations theorists and practitioners, even though it has generated both a useful toolkit of methods, and a rich source of findings that could be of much use to International Relations theory.
USE OF HEGEMONY IN SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES OVER SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER
Gavrilo OSTOJIĆ ORCID iD icon, Marija BLAGOJEVIĆ
International problems, 2011 63(3):359-391
Abstract ▼
Sources of drinking water are a renewable but limited natural resource that is unevenly distributed on the Earth. The rapid development of human society, this especially including the period from the beginning of the last century up to the present days, has resulted in the increased consumption of water in agriculture, industry and in urban areas. Environmental pollution caused by by-products and climate change, which have been prominent in the last decades, have made water become a resource in globally short supply. The aspiration to dominate the lacking sources of drinking water, especially in arid and sub-arid regions, resulted in the increased number of international disputes. In some cases, they were settled by imposing special conditions that were dictated by economically developed and powerful states that were parties to the dispute. The paper points to the situation with sources of drinking water in the world, the development of international water law in settling international disputes presenting the most striking examples of the use of hegemony in settling the disputes.
THE CHINESE “(BIG) POLAR GAME“
International problems, 2011 63(3):392-416
Abstract ▼
Climate changes have caused ice melting in the Arctic, thus creating new conditions in the region. Apart from making access to hydrocarbon deposits the Arctic region is rich in, new ways of transportation have appeared. In summer, the region is almost completely passable, thus making the routes between America and Asia much shorter. This has drawn attention not only of Arctic states, but also of some others, these especially including big exporters of consumer goods, as China and Japan are. The paper analyses the position of China with regard to other countries that are interested in exploitation of the Arctic region with focus on transport, in particular. Special attention is directed towards the strategic orientations of the Chinese management, this including the analysis of its approach, but also the positions of the international and especially the Chinese academic circles concerning the political and economic implications of joining of China to “the Arctic race“.
ABUSE OF INTERNET FOR TERRORIST PURPOSES
Mina ZIROJEVIĆ FATIĆ
International problems, 2011 63(3):417-448
Abstract ▼
In this analysis, the author tried to establish a relationship, similarities and differences between the expression of terrorist organizations on the Internet and in conventional media. It is particularly important that the terrorists use the Internet as a weapon, as a means of communication and among activists as a conventional medium. The paper analyzed only the third way – use the Internet as a conventional media.
THE RIGHT TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION AS A TECHNIQUE FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT
International problems, 2011 63(3):449-465
Abstract ▼
By analysing legal documents and case law the author has tried to show how the right to environmental information can be used as a technique for the protection of the environment, given the wide and numerous possibilities its provisions cast upon the entire society. Despite these obvious possibilities, the exceptions from the general rule of free access, are defined widely, and are so numerous that it is a real danger of public authorities abusing these exceptions, thus annihilating positive effects of the existence of such a right. Therefore, access to justice is an irreplaceable complementary right, since for the effective use of the right of access to environmental information, it shows itself as an inevitable remedy. As for the situation regarding the legal system in the Republic of Serbia, while the real results of the effectiveness of this right in the protection of the environment have yet to happen in future, it is important that most of the basic legal documents dealing with provisions on the access to environmental information have created a good basis for the judicial system to build upon.

Book review

WHY NATIONS FIGHT: PAST AND FUTURE MOTIVES FOR WAR
Vladimir TRAPARA
International problems, 2011 63(3):466-467
CAUSES OF WAR
Vladimir TRAPARA
International problems, 2011 63(3):468-469
POLITIKA UPRAVLJANJA KRIZAMA
Aleksandar JAZIĆ
International problems, 2011 63(3):470-473