Biblid: Vol. LXVI, br. 1-2
Vol. 66, No 1-2, pp. 160-182
Received: 15 Mar 2014
Accepted: 15 Apr 2014
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES
The paper considers the question of the position and role of developing countries in the contemporary law and policy of climate change. The basic thesis in this paper is that the position of developing countries is defined in relevant international legal documents, but that significant differences between individual categories of developing countries are not clearly emphasized. In this sense, the first part of the paper is focused on the problems of defining of the notion of developing countries. The second part gives an overview of the specific rights and obligations of developing countries within the framework of the existing system established by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. In particular, it highlights the content and dilemmas in the interpretation of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. The third part of the paper presents some common features of developing countries that are of relevance for climate change. It provides an overview of some features and elements of the policies of individual countries (members of non- Annex I, small island countries, least developed countries and developing countries which are the largest emitter of GHGs).
Keywords: Developing countries, climate change, environment, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, non – Annex I, small island countries, the least developed countries, large emitters of greenhouse gases