Biblid: Vol. LXVII, br. 1
Vol. 67, No 1, pp. 64-78
Received: 01 Feb 2015
Accepted: 01 Mar 2015
A NEW APPROACH TO THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL PROTECTION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
After the Cold War civil defense was transformed into civil protection. This part of the state structure moved from the armed forces in the civilian sector. There are two reasons. First, direct threat of nuclear war stopped. Second, major natural disasters caused by climate changes. Today’s civil protection is organized in order to protect life and property in the event of disasters caused by nature or man. The European Union is due to the problems that arise when disasters appear start a process aimed at higher efficiency of civil protection in the Member States, but also the formation of a joint civil protection system on its territory. A key reason for the formation of a joint civil protection system is a phenomenon that disaster in one country causes consequences in several neighbouring countries. This is why the framework of modernization of the European Union Civil Protection includes non-member states.
Keywords: civil protection, disasters, European Union, cooperation, modernization