UDC 327(477)
Biblid: 0025-8555, 74(2022)
Vol. 74, No 2, pp. 183-207
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/MEDJP2202183T

Оriginal article
Received: 17 Feb 2022
Accepted: 05 May 2022
CC BY-SA 4.0


TODOROVIĆ Miloš (Ekonomski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu), milos.todorovic@eknfak.ni.ac.rs
KALINOVIĆ Milan (Ekonomski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu), milan.kalinovic.1995@mail.com

The subject of this paper is the causes and consequences of the Ukrainian crisis. The armed conflict between the two Slavic peoples is a tragic epilogue of decades of processes in the relations between Russia and the United States. NATO\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s expansion to the east, despite the promises made, has permanently exacerbated the conflict between the two leading military powers. The aim of this research is to discover the essence and cause of the conflict that led to armed actions as well as the theoretical foundation of current geopolitical processes. The concepts of Western geopoliticians, contained in the works of Mackinder and Spikeman, offer an explanation of the ambitions and strategic goals of Anglo-Saxon geopolitics that have not changed since the 19th century. The basic hypothesis is that the long-term economic goals of the dominant geopolitical forces lie behind the Ukrainian crisis. The evolution of Ukraine\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s geopolitical position, which has been torn between East and West since independence, has been followed chronologically. The permanent deterioration of relations with Russia will eventually lead to an armed conflict. The consequences will be felt most by Ukraine but also by Russia, on which unprecedented sanctions have been imposed. However, there will also be consequences for the European Union, which is deprived of Russian energy and raw materials, world stability, and the overall world economy, which is significantly lowering growth rates. The solution to the deepest political, economic, and military crisis since the Second World War will be reached when the United States and Russia agree on it, with or without the participation of Ukraine.

Keywords: Ukrainian crisis, geopolitics, NATO, Russia, causes, consequences, recession of the world economy