Biblid: 0025-8555, 64(2012)
Vol. 64, No 4, pp. 507-527
Received: 15 Sep 2012
Accepted: 15 Oct 2012
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION – RESPONSIBILITY OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS OR OF THEIR MEMBER STATES
STOJŠIĆ Jelena (Jelena Stojšić, studentkinja doktorskih studija, Pravni fakultet u Beogradu), firstname.lastname@example.org
Although international organisations as subjects of international law are obliged to respect fundamental human rights in their acting, a very small number of them are contracting parties to international instruments for human rights protection, unlike their member states, which are contracting parties to many of them. As international organisations take more and more activities that can and often result in violation of human rights there is an obvious problem to what forum victims of those violations can turn to for determining responsibility of the international organisation. The European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice have developed through their practices modalities for indirect control of acts of international organisations by controlling the acts of their member states, which result from their duties as members of those organisations. The paper assumes that such control is efficient and that it fills the void in the international system of determining responsibility for violation of human rights through acts of international organisations according to which, the states basically keep on being responsible for violation of human rights.
Keywords: international organisations, member states, international responsibility, human rights, international illegal act, European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice